What is anaerobic wastewater treatment?
Anaerobic wastewater treatment is a process that uses microorganisms to break down organic matter in the absence of oxygen.
This type of treatment is often used for sewage or industrial wastewater because it is more efficient and requires less energy than aerobic treatment.
The anaerobic process produces biogas that can be used to generate electricity or heat. While anaerobic treatment is an effective way to handle wastewater, it can also create some environmental concerns.
For example, produced methane is a greenhouse gas with a significant contribution to climate change. Therefore, it is important to carefully consider the engineering of the methane balloon and the flaring system or the use of the biogas fuel to further decrease the environmental footprint of the wastewater treatment plant.
What are the advantages of the anaerobic treatment of industrial effluents?
The anaerobic treatment of industrial effluents has many advantages over more traditional methods, such as aerobic treatment.
For one thing, anaerobic digestion is much more efficient in terms of energy use. Anaerobic bacteria are able to break down complex organic molecules that would otherwise require a lot of energy to decompose.
As a result, anaerobic digestion can significantly reduce the overall energy requirements of a wastewater treatment plant when the biogas generated is utilized as a fuel.
Finally, anaerobic digestion is much less likely to cause environmental pollution than other methods of effluent treatment. This is because anaerobic bacteria produce very little waste material that could potentially contaminate groundwater or surface water.
Consequently, the anaerobic treatment of industrial effluents is a very effective and favorable method for the treatment of industrial, high in organic substances wastewater.